Test Bank (Complete Download) for Art Past, Art Present, 6/E, David Wilkins, Bernie Schultz, Katheryn M. Linduff, ISBN-10: 013235716X, ISBN-13: 9780132357166, ISBN-10: 0205772978, ISBN-13: 9780205772971, Instantly Downloadable Test Bank, Complete (ALL CHAPTERS) TestBank

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Test Bank for Art Past, Art Present, 6/E, David Wilkins, Bernie Schultz, Katheryn M. Linduff, ISBN-10: 013235716X, ISBN-13: 9780132357166, ISBN-10: 0205772978, ISBN-13: 9780205772971

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Test Bank (Complete Download) for Art Past, Art Present, 6/E, David Wilkins, Bernie Schultz, Katheryn M. Linduff, ISBN-10: 013235716X, ISBN-13: 9780132357166, ISBN-10: 0205772978, ISBN-13: 9780205772971, Instantly Downloadable Test Bank, Complete (ALL CHAPTERS) TestBank

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Table of Contents

Getting Started  xii

1. Experiencing Art  1

Experiencing Art  2

How to Experience Art  3

Viewing Art  4

Understanding Style  4

Art, Time, and the Cycles of Life  4

Analyzing Three Works  6

Analyzing Art  8

Analyzing Architecture  8

Analyzing Sculpture  12

Analyzing Ritual Art  14

Analyzing Installation Art  14

Analyzing Painting and Related Media  15

The Artist in History  18

2. prehistoric Art  21

Introduction to Prehistoric Art  22

The Paleolithic Period  22

The Discovery of Paleolithic Painting  23

Paleolithic Art  23

The Neolithic Period  25

Neolithic Art and Architecture  25

Prehistoric Art and the Prehistoric Artist  28

points of contact  Prehistoric Figurines

of Women  29

theme  Ritual and Art  30

3. ancient Art 33

Introduction to Ancient Art  34

History  35

Art of Ancient Societies  36

art past/art present  The Concept of the

The Ancient Artist  37

Classical in the West  36

points of contact  Greek Artists/Scythian

Patrons  37

theme  The Presence of the Artist  38

Sumerian Art  40

Ancient Egyptian Art  44

History  44

Religion  46

Art of Ancient Egypt  46

The Egyptian Artist  47

Ancient Egyptian Art:  The Palette of

Narmer  48

The Egyptian Pyramids  50

The Egyptian Temple  52

technique  Post-and-Lintel Construction  54

technique  How to Read Architectural

Diagrams  55

Egyptian Tomb Paintings and Painted

Reliefs  56

technique  Figure—Ground Relationships  57

The Indus Valley Civilization  58

Aegean Art: Minoan and Mycenaean  60

Ancient China:  The Shang Dynasty  64

technique  Chinese Piece-Mold

Bronze Casting  65

Assyrian and Early Persian Art  66

Mesoamerica:  The Olmec  68

Etruscan Art  70

Ancient Greek Art  72

History  72

Intellectual and Scientific Activities  74

Religion  75

Ancient Greek Art  75

The Ancient Greek Artist  75

Greek Vase Painting  76

The Development of Greek Sculpture  78

technique  Greek Lost-Wax

Bronze Casting  81

technique  Contrapposto in Sculpture  83

technique  The Classical Orders  84

art past/art present  The Impact of the

Ancient Greek Orders  85

Greek Doric Architecture  86

technique  Greek Temple Construction  87

The Parthenon,  Athens  88

4. later ancient Art,

400 bce to 200 ce  93

Introduction to Later Ancient Art  94

points of contact  The Silk Road  95

theme  Engineering  96

Nomadic Art in Siberia: Pazyryk  98

The Qin Empire in China  102

Hellenistic Art  104

History  104

Art of the Hellenistic Period  104

Hellenistic Painting 104

Hellenistic Sculpture in Pergamon  106

The Han Dynasty in China  108

Early Buddhist Art  110

Dongson Culture in Vietnam  112

The Art of the Roman Republic  114

History  115

Republican Architectural Developments  115

The Roman House and Villa  116

The Art of the Roman Empire  118

History  118

The City of Rome  119

Roman Imperial Art  121

Technology, Organization, and Engineering  122

Roman Religion and the Mystery Religions  123

The End of Rome’s Empire  124

The Roman Artist  124

Roman Frescoes and Illusionism  126

technique  Fresco Painting  128

technique  Illusionism  129

Roman Architecture:

The Flavian Amphitheater  130

technique  Roman Engineering: The Arch, The

Vault, and Concrete  132

Roman Architecture:  The Pantheon,

Rome  136

Mesoamerican Art:  Teotihuacán  138

5. Art From 200 to 1000  143

Introduction to Art from 200 to 1400  144

art past/art present  Naming the Middle

Ages in Europe  144

History  146

Art and the Christian Church  147

A Denial of Naturalism  147

The Scroll and Book  147

The Artist  148

points of contact  Muslims in China  149

theme  Religious Architecture  150

Jewish Art:

The Synagogue at Dura Europos  152

Early Christian Art  154

History  154

Art  155

Early Christian Architecture  156

Buddhist Architecture and Painting at

Ajanta, India  158

The Shinto Shrine at Ise, Japan  160

Byzantine Art  162

History  162

The Icon and Iconoclasm  163

The Byzantine Artist  163

Byzantine Architecture: Hagia Sophia  164

Byzantine Art: San Vitale, Ravenna  166

technique  Mosaic  169

Anglo-Saxon Metalwork  and Hiberno-

Saxon Illumination  170

The Chinese Imperial City of Chang’An  172

Buddhist Art at Horyuji  176

technique  Dougong-style Bracketing  179

Hindu Art at Ellora  180

Islamic Art at Córdoba  182

Carolingian and Ottonian Art  186

The Monastery in the West  188

Buddhist Art in Indonesia  190

Chinese Art: Landscape Painting  192

art past/art present  Chinese Aesthetic

Theory  195

6. Art from 1000 to 1400 197

Introduction to Art from 1000 to 1400  198

History  199

points of contact  Amber Necklaces in

Burials in Eastern Asia  201

theme  Narrative Art  202

Romanesque Art in Europe  204

History  205

Art and the Pilgrim  205

The Bayeux “Tapestry”  206

The Romanesque Artist in Europe  206

Romanesque Architecture at Conques  208

Romanesque Sculpture  210

Moai Ancestor Figures, Polynesia  212

Angkor Wat: Cult of the God-King  214

The Japanese Narrative Scroll  216

Gothic Art  220

Abbot Suger  221

History  221

Art  221

The Franciscans  223

The Gothic Artist  223

The Gothic Cathedral: Chartres  224

technique  Proportions of Gothic Cathedrals,

1160—1230  224

technique  Gothic Engineering  228

Gothic Sculpture  230

Gothic Stained Glass  232

technique  Stained-Glass Technique  233

The Great Mosque at Jenne  234

The Chinese Capital City in Beijing:

The Forbidden City  236

Early Italian Painting  238

Giotto, The Arena Chapel Frescoes  240

technique  Tempera and Fresco  242

The Royal Art of African Kingdoms  244

7. Fifteenth-Century Art 247

Introduction to Fifteenth-Century Art  248

Fifteenth-Century Worldwide Developments


The Idea of a Renaissance  252

Naming the Styles  252

European History  252

Italian Renaissance Humanism and Art Theory


European Intellectual Activity  254

Changing Patterns of Patronage in Europe  254

The Fifteenth-Century Artist in Europe  257


Marco Polo   257

theme  Portraiture  258

Early Renaissance Sculpture

in Florence  260

technique  Carving in Wood  261

Flemish Painting:

The Limbourg Brothers   262

Flemish Painting: Robert Campin  264

Italian Renaissance Painting: Masaccio  266

Scientific Perspective  268

Flemish Painting:

Hubert and Jan van Eyck  270

Flemish Painting: Jan van Eyck 272

technique  The Development of Oil Painting in

Flanders  274

Italian Renaissance Architecture:

Filippo Brunelleschi  276

Machu Picchu:

The Peruvian Mountain Retreat  278

The Italian Renaissance Palace  280

Portraiture  282

Italian Renaissance Painting:

Andrea Mantegna  286

technique  Foreshortening  287

Italian Renaissance Painting: Sandro

Botticelli  288

Italian Renaissance Painting:

Leonardo da Vinci  290

Italian Renaissance Painting: Leonardo’s

Last Supper  292

Italian Renaissance Sculpture:

Michelangelo’s Pietà in St. Peter’s 294

8. Sixteenth-Century Art  297

Introduction to Sixteenth-Century Art  298

History  299

Intellectual and Scientific Developments  300

Religious Reform and Art during the Sixteenth

Century  301

The Sixteenth-Century Artist  304

points of contact  Chinese Porcelain

in Europe  305

Theme  The Nude/The Body  306

Italian Renaissance Sculpture:

Michelangelo  308

technique  Stone Sculpture  309

Italian High Renaissance Portraiture  310

German Printmaking:  Albrecht Dürer  312

technique  Printmaking: Engraving

and Woodcut  314

New St. Peter’s, Rome  316

Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel Ceiling  318

art past/art present  Vasari and Modern

Scholarship  321

Raphael, Stanza della Segnatura  322

High Renaissance Painting in Venice  324

Hieronymus Bosch, “Garden of Earthly

Delights” Triptych  326

German Painting: Matthias Grünewald,

Isenheim Altarpiece  328

Titian’s Altarpieces  330

technique  Venetian Painting  332

Later Michelangelo and the Development

of Mannerism  334

Early European Landscape Painting  336

Sixteenth-Century Painting  338

Islamic Art of the Ottomans  340

Veronese and the Impact of the

Counter-Reformation  342

The Art of Zen Buddhism in Japan  344

9. Seventeenth-Century Art  347

Introduction to Seventeenth-Century Art  348

History  348

Intellectual and Scientific Activity  350

The Styles of Seventeenth-Century European

Art  351

Seventeenth-Century European Art  351

The Seventeenth-Century Artist in Europe  352

points of contact  “Seeing” the New

World  355

theme  Relating to Nature 356

Seventeenth-Century Architecture in

Japan 358

Caravaggio and His Influence  360

Baroque Genre Painting  362

Peter Paul Rubens  364

Bernini’s Works for St. Peter’s  366

The Dutch Baroque Group Portrait  368

Mughal Art of India: The Taj Mahal  370

Baroque Architecture:

Francesco Borromini  372

Bernini, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa  374

technique  The Art of Drawing:

Rembrandt  376

technique  Printmaking: Etching and

Drypoint  378

Spanish Painting: Diego Velázquez  380

Baroque Classicism: Nicolas Poussin  382

Rembrandt: Late Paintings  384

Dutch Still-Life Painting  386

The Palace at Versailles  388

Japanese Screens and Architecture  390

European Landscape Painting  392

10. Eighteenth-Century Art 395

Introduction to Eighteenth-Century Art  396

History  397

Intellectual and Scientific Activity  399

Eighteenth-Century Art  400

The Eighteenth-Century Artist  401

points of contact  Chinoiserie  405

theme  Representing Women  406

Eighteenth-Century Painting in Europe  408

Eighteenth-Century Art in Korea  412

Rococo Architecture and Sculpture  414

Eighteenth-Century Portraiture  416

Neoclassical Architecture  418

Neoclassical Painting and Sculpture  420

11. Nineteenth-Century Art 425

Introduction to Nineteenth-Century Art  426

History  427

The Industrial Revolution around the World  429

European Intellectual and Scientific Activities  430

Art  431

art past/art present  Looking Beyond the

Art: Romanticism  431

The Impact of French Painting on World Art  433

The Styles of Nineteenth-Century Art in

the West  434

The Nineteenth-Century Artist  436

points of contact  British Architects in

India  437

theme  The Artist as a Revolutionary 438

The Continuation of Neoclassicism  440

Francisco Goya  442

Romanticism  444

Romantic Landscape Painting  446

Japanese Woodblock Prints  448

technique  Japanese Woodblock

Technique  449

Honoré Daumier and the Political Print  452

technique  Lithography  453

Romantic Revival Architecture  454

American Romantic Painting  456

Revolutionary Art vs. Academic Art  458

New Materials and Engineering in

Architecture  460

technique  New Materials in Architecture  463

Late Nineteenth-Century Revival

Architecture  464

Édouard Manet  466

Early Photography and Photographic

Technique  468

Late Nineteenth-Century Sculpture  470

Impressionism  472

technique  Impressionism  474

Edgar Degas, Berthe Morisot, and

Mary Cassatt  476

American Realism: Thomas Eakins and

Henry Tanner  478

Auguste Rodin and Camille Claudel  480

Winslow Homer  482

technique  Watercolor and Gouache  483

Post-Impressionism: Gauguin and Seurat  484

Post-Impressionism: Vincent Van Gogh  486

art past/art present  The Value of Art:

Van Gogh  488

Post-Impressionism: Paul Cézanne  490

The Beginnings of the Skyscraper  492

Edvard Munch  494

12. Art from 1900 to 1949  497

Introduction to Art from 1900 to 1949  498

History  498

Intellectual and Scientific Activity  500

Art from 1900 to 1949  501

The Artist  504

theme  The Home and the Palace  506

Fauvism  508

African Art and Ritual  510

Photography  512

Cubism and its Influence  514

technique  Collage and Assemblage  519

Native American Art  520

art past/art present  Women in

Pueblo Society  523

Frank Lloyd Wright, Robie House  524

technique  The Cantilever  525

Native American Ceremonial Art from the

Northwest Coast  526

Abstraction in Sculpture  528

Malevich and the Russian Avant-Garde  530

German Expressionism: Die Brücke and

Der Blaue Reiter  532

Fantasy  534

Dada  536

De Stijl and the Bauhaus  540

Diego Rivera and Mexican Mural Painting  544

Surrealism  548

Modernism in American Painting  552

Pablo Picasso, Guernica  556

Sculpture of the 1930s and 1940s  558

International Style Architecture  562

13. Art from 1950 to 1999 565

The 1950s  566

The 1960s  576

The 1970s  580

The 1980s  586

The 1990s  596

14. Art in the New Millennium  607

Art in the New Millennium  608

World Map  622

Glossary  623

Bibliography  631

Index  634

Picture Credits  651

Text Credits  655

Acknowledgements  655


Prehistoric Europe and Africa  24

The Ancient Near East  41

Ancient Egypt  44

Ancient Greece  73

Ancient Asia  111

Ancient Italy  114

Mesoamerica  138

The Near East  153

Asia  161

Medieval Europe  163

Japan  219

14th-century Europe  223

Africa  245

15th-century Europe  253

16th-century Europe  300

17th-century Europe  349

18th-century Europe  397

19th-century Europe  428

19th-century United States and Canada  454

20th-century Europe  499

20th-century United States  501

Sub-Saharan West Africa  511

World  622